The farming activities observed involved almost no power equipment, and no pesticide or chemical handling was observed. The use of personal protective equipment was uncommon. The results of this assessment agreed well with a parallel study of perceived safety and health hazards among Hmong agricultural workers.
This study suggests that small-scale Hmong farming operations involve a variety of hazards, and that occupational health interventions may be warranted in this community.
The study also demonstrates the utility of standardized assessment tools and mixed-method approaches to hazard evaluation. Surveillance for sudden deaths conducted among Laotian- Hmong refugees in Thailand revealed associations between sudden death in sleep and membership in the Green- Hmong subgroup, a family history of sudden death, and previous non-fatal sleep disturbances. Most victims are young men. The experiences of a Hmong man from Laos who has spent 15 years in the United States illustrate the possibilities of being both Hmong and American and demonstrate the acculturation process even as they show what it means to become American.
The three values of resourcefulness, relationship, and respect are an integral part of the identity of Shou…. In rural areas, a lack of motivation to pursue a postsecondary degree continues to affect Hmong students at the postsecondary education level.
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The purpose of this qualitative grounded theory research was to create a model based on the exploration of the lack of motivation to pursue postsecondary education among Hmong high school students. The purpose of this survey study was to investigate the relationship between Hmong students' academic achievements and Hmong parental involvement, home environment, and acculturation adjustment as measured by the Math and English Language Arts sections of the California Standard Test in the United States from parents' perspective regarding student….
The literature suggests, the Hmong routinely use the services of shamans as part of their health care services. The purpose of this study was to determine the…. The aim of this pilot qualitative study was to describe the experiences and beliefs of medical interpreters when working with genetic counselors and other genetic providers caring for Hmong patients who are not native English speakers. Specific goals were to identify interpreters' thoughts and perceptions on a their roles during sessions, b unique challenges in a genetics session, c knowledge genetics providers need when working with Hmong patients and interpreters, and d supports and training needed to effectively interpret in a genetics setting.
Hmong medical interpreters from Wisconsin and Minnesota were invited by email to participate in the study.
Six were interviewed by telephone. Participants had worked with a variety of providers including geneticists, genetic counselors, primary care physicians, and oncologists. Factors identified by Hmong interpreters that made interpretation of content difficult in clinical genetics sessions included: time constraints, technical terms, and unique cultural perspectives of Hmong patients. While all respondents felt their primary role was to interpret session content as close to verbatim as possible, there was notable variation in the description of their interpretation style and other perceived roles in the genetic counseling session.
Cultural issues genetics providers could consider when working with Hmong patients and different style issues when working with Hmong interpreters are discussed.
Ideas for future studies and suggestions to improve communication with Hmong patients are explored. Listening to neglected voices: Hmong Americans and public lands in Minnesota and Wisconsin. Natural resource managers need to understand the cultures and concerns of ethnic minority communities in order to serve them effectively.
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The Hmong are an Asian ethnic group that is heavily involved in natural resource-related activities but has been largely overlooked by social scientists. We conducted a series of five focus groups with Hmong Americans in Minnesota Researchers and practitioners alike have noted that Hmong students in the United States do not achieve as well as their monolingual peers and other bilingual students. The current mixed-methods study is designed to describe reading development and achievement of 4th-grade Hmong students in one large, urban school district.
This study explores the…. This study used a community-wide survey of adolescents to compare adolescent perceptions of parental support, knowledge, and authoritative decision making in samples of Hmong and European Americans. Additional analyses considered variation in parental influence on adolescent outcomes across these groups. The results suggested that Hmong American….
This is a case study of Lee, a Hmong teacher, who reflects on her own schooling experiences in order to develop a culturally sensitive pedagogy based on empowerment and funds of knowledge. The findings indicate that Lee teaches science effectively using culturally sensitive pedagogy--utilizing Hmong students' and parents' funds of knowledge in….
Small School Ritual and Parent Involvement. This paper examines the ritual socialization of parents into a school community. Rituals may be mundane or sacred and typically involve actions that have transformative potential. In the context of groups, rituals may serve the purposes of identifying and constructing group identity, maintaining cohesion, and constructing and communicating values. Bereavement Rituals in the Muscogee Creek Tribe. A qualitative, collective case study explores bereavement rituals in the Muscogee Creek tribe. Data from interviews with 27 participants, all adult members of the tribe, revealed consensus on participation in certain bereavement rituals.
Common rituals included a conducting a wake service the night before burial; b never leaving the body alone….
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Evaluating Ritual Efficacy: Evidence from the Supernatural. Rituals pose a cognitive paradox: although widely used to treat problems, rituals are causally opaque i. How is the efficacy of ritual action evaluated in the absence of causal information? Student Evaluations as Social Ritual.
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The practice of student evaluation of college faculty is discussed in terms of the literature on social ritual. The following arguments that critics have raised are considered: student ratings of professors are neither scientific nor objective; feedback needed by professors to improve the quality of their work and data needed by administrators to….
Why ritual plant use has ethnopharmacological relevance. Although ritual plant use is now recognised both for its socio-cultural importance and for its contribution to nature conservation, its potential pharmacological effects remain overlooked. Our objective was to see whether ritual plant use could have ethnopharmacological relevance through practices that involve direct physical contact with the human body.
We hypothesise that ritual practices reflect traditional knowledge on biological activities of plant species, even if plants are used in a symbolic way. Data were collected in collaboration with traditional healers and ritual plant vendors and harvesters in Benin West Africa and Gabon Central Africa. Both ritual and medicinal uses of plants were recorded.
Voucher specimens were collected and identified. We documented different administration routes of ritual plants and selected those whose uses involved direct contact with the human body. Based on our quantitative market surveys and field inventories, we identified 24 commercially or otherwise culturally important species and compared their ritual uses with proven biological activity from the literature. We recorded plant species with ritual uses, of which ca.
Spiritual weight gain
The most common route of administration for ritual treatments was baths, followed by oral ingestion and skin rubbing. One third species of all ritual plants doubled as medicine for physical ailments. In contrast to previous research that explained the effectiveness of ritual plant use to be a matter of belief, our results hint at the potential medicinal properties of these plants.
Ritual treatment of madness caused by evil spirits by the consumption of Rauvolfia vomitoria roots, for example, may be based on the species' proven anticonvulsant properties. We discuss some of the possible implications of ritual plant use for public health and conclude by suggesting that ritual plant uses that do not involve contact with. The Flexibility Hypothesis of Healing. Theories of healing have attempted to identify general mechanisms that may work across different modalities.
These include altering expectations, remoralization, and instilling hope. In this paper, we argue that many forms of healing and psychotherapy may work by inducing positive psychological states marked by flexibility or an enhanced ability to shift cognitive sets. Healing practices may induce these states of cognitive and emotional flexibility through specific symbolic interventions we term "flexibility primers" that can include images, metaphors, music, and other media.
The flexibility hypothesis suggests that cognitive and emotional flexibility is represented, elicited, and enacted through multiple modalities in healing rituals. Identifying psychological processes and cultural forms that evoke and support cognitive and emotional flexibility provides a way to understand the cultural specificity and potential efficacy of particular healing practices and can guide the design of interventions that promote resilience and well-being.
Ritual and ceremony in intraoperative magnetic resonance imaging-assisted brain surgery. Previous photographic research into traditional and shamanic healing practices in Peru and Bolivia and a review of the literature suggested that all medical practices have cultural determined nonmedical activities as integral parts of the healing encounter. These include costume, ritual , ceremony, environment factors that were looked for in a western clinical encounter for this paper.
A patient was followed through pre-op preparation and iMRI assisted brain surgery. All activities were photographed extensively and evaluated in a broader healing context. A number of activities were visually and metaphorically comparable with those seen in other practices. These are discussed as rituals of intention on the part of the caregivers to focus their skills on healing and also to mindfully engage the patient in the healing process. Artistic observation and analysis may be an effective way to identify these non quantifiable elements of the healing encounter and suggest directions for further research into the emotional components of the healing process.